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MORE: Nouns

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Nouns (English Club)
Countable and uncountable nouns, proper and common nouns, possessive's, nouns as adjectives, and compound nouns.

English Nouns (ESL Desk)
Singular and plural, common and proper, concrete and abstract, collective, compound, and using nouns in sentences.

Guide to Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Count and Noncount Nouns

Irregular Plurals of Nouns
(also has exercises at the bottom of the page)

Your Dictionary: Common and Proper Nouns

Easy vocabulary quizzes with pictures

Identifying Nouns

Singular and Plural Nouns

Plural Forms and Irregular Nouns

Count/Noncount Nouns

Countable and Uncountable - Noun Quantifiers

Plurals - Compound nouns
People, places, things and ideas

What is a noun?

A noun is a 'part of speech. It names a person, animal, place, thing, or idea.

person: Laura, child, American, people
animal: bird, cat, sheep
place: kitchen, Boston, school, the United States
thing: computer, flower, train, water
idea: democracy, friendship, love, philosopy

The nouns in this sentence are underlined.

The girl walks down the street.

Common and Proper Nouns

Common nouns describe things in general.
Proper nouns name specific people, animals, places, things or ideas.
Proper nouns must always be capitalized.

 Common nouns
 Proper nouns that are specific examples of the common nouns
woman . . .
boy . . . . .
cat . . . . .
country . . .
restaurant . . .
car . . .
holiday . . .
Maria Santiago, Jessica
Alexander, Charlie
Fluffy, Spot
The United States, Brasil
McDonalds, Pizzeria Uno
Honda Civic, Jeep
Thanksgiving, Halloween

Count and Non-count nouns

Nouns are either count or non-count nouns.
  • You can count fingers and toes, houses and cars, pieces of bread, and sentences.
I have five fingers on my hand. There are two houses for sale. Three cars are parked in the driveway. The sandwich is made with two pieces of bread. The paragraph has eleven sentences.
  • You can't count liquids (water, oil, lemonade) or things that you measure in a measuring cup (flour, salt, pancake mix.) You can use "some" with non-count nouns, and sometimes you can use "the" and "a" or "an"
She drank water and used vinegar and oil on her salad. I measured out some flour and salt for the cake.