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Personal Pronouns

Use the pronoun when you already know the noun.

What is a pronoun?

Look at the word. It is two syllables. 'Pro' and 'noun.' Does that give you a hint?

A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun (or noun phrase -- a groups of words that act as a noun). Look at these two sentences:
1. The tall man sat down.
2. He sat down.

There is a pronoun in sentence #2. Do you know which word is the pronoun? That's right! 'He' is the pronoun. It takes the place of the noun phrase 'The tall man".

Both sentences say the same thing. The first sentence tells you that someone sat down. Who? The man. The second sentence uses 'he' instead of 'the man.'

Here is another example:
I like Martina.
I like her.

The pronoun in the second sentence is 'her.' It refers to, and takes the place of, 'Martina.'

Personal Pronouns

There are different types of pronouns (personal, possessive, reflexive, demonstrative, relative.)  The personal pronouns have two forms: Subject and Object. If the noun (or noun phrase) is in the subject of the sentence, the pronoun takes the subject form. If the noun is an object in the sentence, the pronoun takes the object form. Here is a chart that shows the forms:

  Subject Pronoun    Object Pronoun Example
1st person singular        male or femaleImeI like cats.
Cats like me.
2nd person singularmale or femaleyouyouYou are nice.
I like you.
3rd person singularmale or female or neuter 
He is exercising more.
It is good for him.
She fell down.
It hurt her.
It is on the table.
Julia saw it.
1st person plural male or female  we usWe got on the train.
The train took us to Boston. 
2nd person plural male or female     you youYou are all good students.
I will give you a test tomorrow.
3rd person pluralmale or female or neuter  they  themThey like to travel.
Traveling makes them happy.